All the administration systems before modern Myanmar, are all monarchical governments,
apart from the colonial governments, of course. Myanmar kings used to hold absolute power,
which Myanmars call "thet oo san pine" monarchy system.
The system of constitutional monarchy never existed in Myanmar.
Executive body, as well as law-enforcement body, under Myanmar monarch is mentioned in
the following tree.
the parliament (Hluttaw)
Legislative power stays in the hands of the king too.
Myanmar kings had the highest judiciary authority in his kingdom. Judiciary authority
differs according to the location, type, or value of the cases.
Civil Law Suits
In the ancient time, the practice of "trial by ordeal" was common. They are:
Ordeal by Water: One who can dive longer in water wins the case.
Ordeal by Rice: One who can chew same amount of rice faster wins.
Ordeal by Lead: Both had to dip their fingers into hot liquid lead just about a
second. One who doesn't burn wins the case.
Ordeal by Fire: Both had to hold mouthful of water in their mouths. Then 2
identical candles were lit. One who can't hold the water loses. If both can hold until the
2 candles burns out, the amount of water in their mouths had to be measured. One who
can hold more water wins.
Criminal Law Suits
There was no such thing as "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" in
Myanmar. It looks like Buddhist teachings makes Myanmars gentle by forgiving and avoiding
revenge. Most criminal punishments, except for murders, were fines.
There were only 4 crimes punishable by death-sentence: murder, rebellion, insurgency,
and rape. Death sentence varies: beheading, drowning, and shooting by a spear. In the
olden days, things are a bit different than today. Nowadays, only death sentence by
hanging is practiced. It is a Myanmar belief that all death sentences are to be done